Sunday, November 15, 2015

Libya IS head ‘killed in US air strike’ just before the terrorist attack In Paris

A US air strike has targeted the leader of the Islamic State (IS) group in Libya and probably killed him, the Pentagon says. Iraqi national Abu Nabil, also known as Wissam Najm Abd Zayd al-Zubaydi, was a “long-time al-Qaeda operative”, it said. The strike took place on Friday and targeted a compound in Derna. The Pentagon said the strike showed that it would go after IS leaders “wherever they operate”. News agencies have quoted US officials saying they are confident Nabil was killed. “Nabil’s death will degrade Isil’s ability to meet the group’s objectives in Libya, including recruiting new Isil members, establishing bases in Libya, and planning external attacks on the United States,” Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook said, using a different name for the group. He said the operation had been authorised before terrorist attacks in Paris on Friday evening that IS claimed responsibility for. Cook added that Nabil may have been the IS spokesman pictured in a February 2015 video showing the apparent murder of Coptic Christians in Libya. Libya remains in chaos four years after the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi, and is being fought over by a number of groups, including IS. It has launched high-profile attacks in the mostly lawless North African country, and gained a foothold in key towns and cities, including Sirte. The strike on Nabil was the first against an IS leader in Libya, the Pentagon said. Reuters quoted an eyewitness who said the strikes occurred in areas controlled by IS militants in Derna’s south-east suburb of Fattayah. Source: BBC

Friday, November 13, 2015

‘It’s a horror’: Hollande orders French borders closed after Paris terror attack leaves at least 100 dead.. ፈረንሳይ ባያሲስ ኣረመኔዎች እየተናጠች ነው::

ፈረንሳይ ባያሲስ ኣረመኔዎች እየተናጠች ነው:: ‘It’s a horror’: Hollande orders French borders closed after Paris terror attack leaves at least 100 dead ፕሬዝዳንቱ በፈረንሳይና በጀርመን ብሄራዊ ቡድኖች መካከል የሚደረገውን ውዽድር ሲከታተሉ የዳሽ ሰለባ እንዳይሆኑ በልዩ ጸጥታ ሃይሎች ወደ የኣገር ውስጥ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር (በነገራችን ላይ ይሄ መስሪያ ቤት ኣቅሙ ባሜሪካ ሲ ኣይ ኤ ካለው ኣቅም ጋር የሚመጣጠን) ስለሆነ ኣመራር ለመስጠትና ሁኔታውን በቅርብ ለመከታተል ከረዳቶቻቸው ጋር እዛ ይገኛሉ:: በድጋሚ ፈረንሳይ በኣይ ሲስ ኣረመኔዎች እየተናጠች ነው:: በመቶዎች የሚቆጠሩ ቲያትር ሲመለከቱ የነበሩ ፈረንሳውያን ኣጥፍቶ ጠፊ ፈንጂ ወገባቸው ላይ በጠመጠሙ ነፍሰ በሎች እጅ ወድቀዋል ባስራ ኣምስቱ ላይ ኣረመኔው ቡድን እርምጃ ወስዷል ይሄ የገባት ራሽያ በሯን ኣጥራለች:: ፈዛዞቹ ኴስ ያያሉ:: ኣሁን ባገኝነው ዘገባ ፈረንሳይ ድንበሮቿን በሙሉ ዘግታለች እስካሁን 100 ሰው ኣልቌል ኣንዳንድ የኣይሲስ ደጋፊ ድህረ ገጾች ደስታቸውን በመግለጽ ላይ ይገኛሉ:: በፎቶግራፉ ላይ የምታዩት የዛሬውን ( 11/13/15) የፓሪስ ውሎ ኣንድ ምስል ነው:: Read Below .. • Police put the number of known dead at least 100. This number is almost certainly low • There was a hostage taking at a Paris music hall and up to 100 are thought to have been killed inside. Police reported killing at least two assailants there. • Shootings have left many dead at a pair of Paris restaurants • At least two suicide bomb attacks happened at a Paris stadium hosting a soccer match leaving three dead. It is unclear if that number includes the attackers • It is not yet known who is behind the attacks • Francois Hollande has ordered France’s borders closed in response to the attacks; Hollande is no longer leaving for the G20. Several dozen people were killed Friday in the deadliest attacks to hit Paris since the Second World War, French President Francois Hollande said, announcing that he was closing the country’s borders and declaring a state of emergency. At least 100 people died in shootings and explosions at at least six sites, many of them in a popular concert hall where patrons were taken hostage, police and medical officials said. The series of attacks gripped the city in fear and recalled the horrors of the Charlie Hebdo carnage just 10 months ago. “We don’t know where this menace is coming from, but they are terrorists.” Hollande said and that “any means necessary” will be used to neutralize terrorists. Hollande has cancelled his trip to the G20. The three locations that were subjected to simultaneous shootings: • Le Petit Cambodge, a restaurant in the 11th Arrondissement • Le Bataclan, a venue in the 11th Arrondissement that is now the site of a hostage crisis. • La Belle Equipe, a restaurant in the 11th Arrondissement Two Paris police officials say security forces have ended their assault on a concert hall filled with hostages, killing at least two attackers. Neither official could be named, citing ongoing operations throughout the city. One official described “carnage” inside the building, saying the attackers had tossed explosives at the hostages. Both officials said they expected the toll of victims to rise. Additionally, a police union official says there were two suicide attacks and a bombing near the national stadium where France and Germany were playing a friendly match. The official, Gregory Goupil of the Alliance Police Nationale, whose region includes the area of the stadium, said there were at least three dead in the attacks near the stadium, near two of the entrances and a McDonalds restaurant. He said the explosions went off simultaneously. • 200 soldiers have been dispatched into the 10th and 11th arrondissements, the epicenter of the attack. A state of emergency has been declared. • The Metro is closed, taxis have fled the downtown. Parisians are returning home on foot. Parts of the city are becoming eerily quiet. Source ( National Post)

Thursday, November 12, 2015

Tanzania’s new president sacks hospital chief after surprise inspection

ታንዛኒያ በለውጥ ማእበል ላይ ናት:: Business is not as usual ….– the government has to deliver for the people,” the chief secretary at the president’s office, Ombeni Sefue, said. Tanzania’s new president sacked the head of the main state hospital after finding patients sleeping on the floor during a surprise visit to the facility, his office said. President John Magufuli also broke up the governing board at Muhimbili National Hospital after discovering the main scanning and diagnostic machines were not working and seeing other poor conditions on Monday, the presidency added. “The president is trying to send a message that times have changed … It’s not business as usual … It’s all about delivery – the government has to deliver for the people,” the chief secretary at the president’s office, Ombeni Sefue, said. Magufuli took over last week from former president Jakaya Kikwete, who stepped down after two terms in office. Magufuli’s ruling CCM party, in power since the end of colonial rule in 1961, has been under increasing pressure to tackle rampant corruption and ensure economic growth trickles down to the poor. He made an unannounced visit to the finance ministry on Friday, a day after he was sworn in as Tanzania’s fifth president. Other visits to other state institutions were planned, said Sefue, who also heads the civil service. The new president has already ordered restrictions on foreign travel by government officials and cuts in tax exemptions, signaling the start of fiscal belt-tightening measures. Magufuli, whose supporters call him “the bulldozer” for building desperately needed roads across the large nation in his previous post as a cabinet minister, has pledged to introduce a raft of measures to end government excesses and boost revenue collection. He has also promised to create a special court to oversee all cases relating to corruption – which investors have said is one of the main obstacles to business in the East African country. Magufuli sacked the Dar es Salaam hospital’s acting managing director, Hussein L. Kidanto, who was transferred to the health ministry, the presidency said. Source (Reuters)

Sunday, November 8, 2015

ጠ/ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም፤ የጋዜጠኞችን ትችት አልፈራም አሉ::

“ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ውይይት ከሌለ አገሪቱ እንደአገር አትቀጥልም” ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ፤ “ከጋዜጠኞች የሚሰነዘርብኝን ትችት አልፈራም፤ ነጻ ሚዲያ ለዲሞክራሲ ግንባታው ሂደትና ለልማት እጅግ ወሳኝ ነገር ነው” ሲሉ መናገራቸውን ቢቢሲ ዘገበ፡፡ “ፍጹም እንዳልሆንን እናውቃለን፤ በመሆኑም ከማንኛውም ጋዜጠኛ የሚቀርብብንን ትችት ለመቀበል ዝግጁ ነን” ብለዋል፤ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ከቢቢሲ የአፍሪካ አገልግሎት አዘጋጅ ሜሪ ሃርፐር ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለ ምልልስ፡፡ “በዚህች አገር ውስጥ የማህበራዊ ሚዲያውን የመረጃ ፍሰት በዕለት ተዕለት እንቅስቃሴው በስፋት የሚጠቀም ንቁና ወጣት የህብረተሰብ ክፍል እንደመኖሩ፣ ዲሞክራሲያዊ የሃሳብ ልውውጥና ውይይት በሌለበት ሁኔታ አገሪቱ እንደ አገር መቀጠል አትችልም፡፡ ከዚህ አንጻር በትክክለኛው ጎዳና ላይ እንገኛለን ብለን እናምናለን” ብለዋል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማርያም፡፡ ባለፈው አመት ታስረው የነበሩት አንዳንድ ጦማርያንና ጋዜጠኞች፣ “እውነተኛ” ጋዜጠኞች” አልነበሩም፤ ታሳሪዎቹ ከሽብርተኛ ድርጅት ጋር ግንኙነት የነበራቸው ናቸው ያሉት ጠ/ሚኒስትሩ፤ የታሰሩትም በሙያቸው ሳይሆን መንግስትን ለመናድ ከሚፈልጉ ቡድኖች ጋር ግንኙነት እንዳላቸው የሚያሳይ ማስረጃ በመገኘቱ ነው ማለታቸውን የቢቢሲ ዘገባ ያስረዳል፡፡ “ጋዜጠኞች በዚህች አገር ውስጥ የሚሰሩትን ስራና የተከበረውን የጋዜጠኝነት ሙያ ማምታታት እንደሌለብን ግልጽ ሊሆንልን ይገባል” ሲሉም አክለዋል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ሃይለማርያም፡፡ source ( Addis Admas)

UAE considers leasing Asseb for 30 years, Report says.

A diplomatic row between Djibouti and UAE took precedence of these developments. On 28 April the UAE consulate in Djibouti was closed after the altercation between Wahib Moussa Kalinleh, the commander of the Djibouti Air Force, and Ali Al Shihi, Vice Consul of the UAE. Indeed, it was the a formal reason of the departure of the Gulf Cooperation Council troops based on a plot of land that Djibouti had put at its disposal in Haramous in early April to set up its military base. Then Saudi Arabia and UAE redirected their efforts aimed to build a military base on Eritrea. In turn Eritrea will likely seek to expand its relationships beyond the region in an attempt to break its isolation in the region. Djibouti and Ethiopia have been trying to turn it into a regional rogue state through the African Union. So, from Eritrea’s perspective, accepting Saudi and Emirati cash and resources would be a logical move. Indeed, Eritrea is ready to accept cash and resources from anybody who is ready to provide them. There was a time when Eritrea supported Yemen’s Houthi fighters and functioned as a transshipment location for Iranian supplies heading to them. Thus, the Saudi and Emirati attempt to involve a new member state into their coalition has 3 goals. First is to prevent contacts among Eritrea, Iran and Houthi. It will reduce Iran’s possibility to provide supplies to its allies in Yemen. Second is to use the port of Assab as a local logistics hub, situated relatively close to the conflict. Given the distances that must be traveled over sea to get to Aden from Sudan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia or the United Arab Emirates, the port of Assab is located at a vantage ground. Third is Saudi Arabia will be able to turn Eritrea into a tool to destabilize the situation in Ethiopia. It’s possible through the monoethnic communities of Ogaden and Oromo controlled by Eritrea. The Ethiopian government is conducting a rough anti-Saudi politics and, de facto, destroying all pro-Saudi Islamist entities. Alternatively, a recent U.N. report claimed that 400 Eritrean soldiers were deployed to Aden to support the Saudi-led coalition. The Emirati vessels in Assab could either transport the Eritrean troops or ferry equipment and supplies to the Eritrean troops already in Yemen. Assab is becoming a point on the Saudi-led coalition’s main supply route. In any case, the Saudi and Emirati presence in Eritrea won’t be limited by the Yemeni conflict’s length. According to unconfirmed reports, the UAE took on lease Assab for 30 years. Separately, the UAE is seeking to take on lease a former naval base in Berbera in Somaliland. Thus, the Emirati activity in Eritea is a first step in a big plan to establish a naval base network at the Horn of Africa’s coast. Source(South Front)

Saturday, November 7, 2015

To indulge in corruption, one must think not twice but twenty thousand times, says Ethiopia’s President Mulatu

A delegation of seven journalists from Rwanda and Uganda was recently in Ethiopia on invitation of the government for the purpose of sharing the country’s development trajectory with a special focus on infrastructure investment. During their ten day tour, they got to interview Ethiopia’s President Dr Mulatu Teshome from his Palace in the Capital Addis Ababa. The New Times' (TNT) Kenneth Agutamba was part of the delegation and below he brings you excerpts of the interview with the Ethiopian President. Thank you, Your Excellency for this opportunity. My name is Kenneth Agutamba representing The New Times newspaper, of Rwanda; I will make the opening remarks on behalf of my colleagues, here, who also represent various major media houses. We have been here for now a week during which we have seen some really impressive investments in several infrastructural projects including in housing, transport, manufacturing and energy; could you put all these in the context of Ethiopia’s development trajectory? From what I have been briefed, you are all trying to understand the development trajectory of Ethiopia and how the countries in this region can learn from each other and adopt best practices to transform the lives of our people by ending poverty. By now I am sure that you have an idea regarding Ethiopia’s GDP growth and national transformation plan. The current transformation plan of Ethiopia started in 2011 and it’s now complete and we are now embarking on the second phase of the growth and transformation plan. This is all about the structural transformation of Ethiopia from being a rural and agricultural led economy to one of high productivity and industrial led. We have analysed our comparative advantage as a country on which we believe this industrialization will be founded and will easily lead to benefits of majority especially employment creation. We shall be focusing on developing the manufacturing sector for example, to not only create jobs but also put Ethiopia in the global value and supply chain. By the year 2025, we shall be in a position to be called a middle-income economy. In the past, Ethiopia has been known for overriding poverty, for instance, in the year 2004/2005, 56 percent of our population was living below the poverty line; through our efforts, we have been able to drastically decrease that number to about 21 percent. However, we still have a big number of our population still under poverty and it’s our commitment that through the transformation second phase plan, we can reduce that number to at least 15 percent. How shall we achieve this? And this is the context of all the projects you have visited, so far. It shall take the physical and economic infrastructure including roads, railways, energy and all those inputs that we deem necessary to achieve our ambitions. Like I said, our industries shall be founded on areas where we have the most comparative advantage and these include textile, leather processing, agro-processing, pharmaceuticals and many others; these are the ones we are paying much attention to, giving them special incentives to attract foreign investors to get involved. The reason for this is simple, we have absolute comparative advantage in these sectors not only in Africa but worldwide. We have access to cheap human labour, the cheapest electricity in the world, a wide local and regional market and internationally, we have many regions where our products can enter duty-free.
We are also investing in human infrastructure to develop the skills required to support an industrialized economy. Twenty years ago, Ethiopia had only one university plus about three colleges, today, we boast of having about 37 universities and by the year 2020, we shall have over 50 state universities plus different technical training colleges and we are also encouraging the private sector to be part of investment in human capital. Question from NTV-Uganda:…You have invested quite a lot in energy production and with the completion of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD); you will have an additional 6000mw, that’s too much electricity for this region’s standards, what are you going to do with all of this resource? Ethiopia, with a big population of over 95million people and huge ambitions to industrialize; the amount of electricity we have today is about 2300mw, but soon, another project will add 1850mw-this is already completed, and then we have other smaller projects, which if added together, we are in the range of about 5000mw; in two years’ time, when we complete the GERD, Ethiopia shall have an installed capacity of at least 10000mw. We have also projected another 7000mw to be produced during the second phase of transformation plan, this means we shall have about 17000mw by the year 2020. So, to put this in perspective, we have 2300mw now and in 5 years, we are looking at 17000mw; now, this may sound ‘too much’ for Ethiopia but as a matter of fact, it’s far from adequate given the kind of industrial ambitions we have set. Interjection: Why is that? Countries with more or less the same or smaller population as Ethiopia, such as Turkey with a population of less than 80million people and quite industrialized has a generation capacity of about 60000mw, yet it’s still not enough for them. So to answer your question, 17000mw will not be enough for Ethiopia especially given that this is a resource we have promised to share with our other fellow African countries. We have already connected to Djibouti, Sudan, Kenya and that’s showing solidarity of Africa rising together by sharing what we have in line with Ethiopia’s commitment to regional integration. In summary, with industrialization, both in Ethiopia and elsewhere in Africa, the demand for electricity is going to be higher and we can’t say that now we have enough, for us and our neigbours. Follow-up question from TNT: Your Excellency, I know that Rwanda and Ethiopia have had a conversation regarding the exportation to Kigali, 400mw, what’s the progress of this plan? I think that’s a sorted matter, whether they’re 400mw or more, as long as there’s a transmission line between the two countries, we are more than ready to deliver the supply; we are not rationing. This electricity we are producing has a market and if we sell 400, 800 or even 1000mw to Rwanda, we are going to earn hard currency. Such a transaction has to be celebrated on both sides, your country will benefit and Ethiopia, will too but before we get there, we have to work hard to get connected through the transmission line. The transmission lines for 400mw are not simple, it requires between 450kv and 500kv; that’s an expensive investment that all countries involved have to think about. Qn from TNT: There’s a bit of ambiguity surrounding the Financing of the GERD; we have been told it’s being completely funded by local resources mobilized from Ethiopians; yet I have also gathered that the project was shunned by multilateral organisations such as the World Bank because of unresolved geopolitical squabbles regarding the use of the Nile river; what can you say to this? Yes, it is true that Ethiopians are funding works on the GERD, 100 percent. The biggest source of financing is taxes (government revenues) and domestic borrowing through the sale of short-term bonds to Ethiopian citizens or borrowing from local banks. So basically, if there’s will to do something, I don’t think financing can be a problem no matter how big the budget could be. There has to be the will and determination on the side of the government of a country and the citizens. If the people and government move together to execute any ambitious project for the benefit of the nation, then anything is possible. TNT Interjection: How about the geopolitics…especially Egypt’s concerns on the likely effects of the dam on the flow of the River Nile? The bilateral relations between Egypt and Ethiopia are much better than they were a few years ago and we have reached a stage where we understand each other. The flow of the Nile, downstream to Sudan and Egypt, will benefit from the regulated flow of the waters. For instance in the past when the rains were too heavy, Sudan would be flooded, with the dam, this won’t happen. Secondly, which is very important is that Ethiopia is going to invest a lot in watershed management; soil that was previously eroded and taken to the dams will be no more and this is good for both Sudan and Egypt. Thirdly, both Ethiopia and Sudan are going to be beneficiaries of the electricity generated from the dam. Therefore, the politics that you might have sensed, for us, is not such a very serious issue. Question from TNT: You’re Excellency, Africa is rich and every country has the capacity to invest in the kind of projects Ethiopia is undertaking, yet many studies have indicated that billions of money is lost to corruption and embezzlement of public funds, what advise can you offer on combating corruption in East Africa? It’s simple. Countries must create societies that don’t tolerate corruption. In Ethiopia, I can say that we have successfully been able to create that kind of society where people actually say no to corruption. And for those found to be corrupt, we have acted. We have thrown in jail not only mid-level officials but also ministers, this should give you an idea how Ethiopia is serious about combating corruption. Corruption is something that citizens of every country must reject. This requires educating both society and the bureaucrats about the dangers. But education by itself is not enough; you need strong laws to deter the behaviour. This is not to say that we are 100 percent corruption free. But at least I can say that in Ethiopia, before someone attempts to indulge in corruption, they have to think, not twice, but maybe 20, 000 times. For instance in China {where I had a chance to live both as a student and later as an ambassador}, I have witnessed what they do to someone found guilty of embezzlement, stealing public resources-they are executed! Yes, in Ethiopia we don’t execute but we give hard enough punishments for those found guilty. So this is really down to choices of how different countries decide to fight corruption. Where there’s serious corruption, believe me there can’t be development because someone has stolen the resources. Question from East African Journalist: Ethiopia is Africa’s centre of diplomacy yet your government has in place some stringent Visa rules that make it hard for Africans to come here, is there a plan to ease these rules? No, I don’t think so, I don’t think so; visas are not meant to create obstacles to our African brothers and sisters who want to come to visit Addis; they are first and foremost meant for the security of the country and everyone living here. You have to screen who is coming in who is going out for the peace and security of the country and for the peaceful environment in which the African union and other agencies that are headquartered here in Addis, they have to be secure. Don’t forget that we are surrounded by countries that have problems; we have Boko Haram in North Africa, we have Al-Qaeda and Al-Shabab in our backyard. As long as there are 54 different flags in Africa, I think the issue of stringent visa rules is not going to change very soon. Source (The New Times)

Friday, November 6, 2015

Stealing is in every Kenyans blood says Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe

Controversial President of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe has unleashed terror on Kenyans in a media event that had a wide coverage. President Robert Mugabe, 91, threw caution to the wind in his views about Kenyans who he described as highly unscrupulous people. According to Mugabe, Kenyans are the most arrogant thieves in the world because they steal with high degree impunity. In his words: “Those people of East Africa shock me with their wizardry in stealing. Sometimes I tend to believe that stealing is in every Kenyan’s blood. These people go to their schools and read good courses but they qualify as the best thieves. READ MORE:- Robert Mugabe Considering Banning British and USA Embassy In Zambabwe For Spying “You can even think that there is a subject in their universities called Bachelor of Stealing. Whenever they get an opportunity as employees, they never disappoint. They steal enough money to buy their freedom because even the judges who listen to their cases are financially powerless,” he said with vigor. “I urge you my people to be on high alert in case you by bad luck, happen to visit that East African nation. They might infect you with that disease and we don’t want it here. Zimbabweans are honest people who love their country and don’t want such stealing tendencies ” He shouted with courage as he advised his countrymen. Source ( HOWAFRICA.COM

Thursday, November 5, 2015

Sudanese citizen tried to kill an Israeli on int'l flight

Israeli worker in Africa attacked by Sudanese citizen during an Ethiopian Airlines flight; crew members, Lebanese passenger, save the Israeli and overpower attacker. "We are aware of the event and the Israeli embassy in Addis Ababa has updated us with details," said ministry representatives. Arik, 54, works in an Israeli communications company that operates in Africa. He had intended to travel on to Israel after landing in Addis Ababa. "About 20 minutes before the plane started its descent the passenger sitting behind me identified me as Israeli and Jewish," Arik told Ynet. "He came up behind my seat and started to choke me with a lot of force," he continued, "and at first I couldn't get my voice out and call for help. "He hit me over the head with a metal tray and shouted 'Allah akbar' and 'I will slaughter the Jew.' Only after a few seconds, just before I was about to lose consciousness, did I manage to call out and a flight attendant who saw what was happening summoned her colleagues," Arik added. According to Arik, most of the passengers on the half-empty flight refrained from getting involved. "After they pulled him off me he hit me and shouted in Arabic. Some of the flight staff took me to the rear section of the plane and two guarded the attacked during the last part of the flight." A Lebanese passenger was one of the few who came to Arik's rescue. Arik says that after they had already overpowered his attacker, the Sudanese citizen tried to convince the other passengers to lynch him. "After we landed the Lebanese guy told me that I'd been saved twice, because after they'd overpowered my attacker he said to everyone: 'Let's finish him off.' "During the moments when I thought I was going to die, I'd already begun to separate from my family in my thoughts."In a statement released in response to the incident, Ethiopian Airlines said: "The attacker, who has been identified as Ahmed Mohamed, showed no signs of violence as he was boarding the flight."He attacked not only the Israeli but also other passengers and members of the flight crew. He is still in detention and is due to appear in court on Wednesday. "The Israeli passenger was taken to a medical clinic in the airport and released shortly after. He was able to continue on to Tel Aviv as planned. We are sorry for the incident and will do everything we can in order to prevent further such attacks on our Israeli customers." Says the Ethiopian Airlines . Source ( Y Net

Wednesday, November 4, 2015

ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ወሳኝነታቸውን ያሳዩበት መድረክ ....

በኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ባለፉት 24 ዓመታት ፍፁም የበላይነት የያዘው ኢሕአዴግ፣ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ወደ አመራር ከመጡ በኋላ ትኩረት ካደረገባቸው ጉዳዮች ቅድሚያ የያዘው መልካም አስተዳደርን ለማስፈን የሚደረገው ጥረት ነው፡፡ የዚህ ጥረት መገለጫ ተደርገው የሚወሰዱ በርካታ አስተዳደራዊ፣ ሕጋዊና ፖለቲካዊ ዕርምጃዎች ባለፉት ሦስት ዓመታት የተወሰዱ ሲሆን፣ መሠረታዊ ለውጥ ባለመምጣቱ የገዢው ፓርቲ ቁርጠኝነት ላይ ጥርጣሬዎች መሰማታቸውና ‹ዕርምጃዎቹም› አፍአዊ ብቻ ናቸው ሲባል መስማት እንግዳ ነገር አይደለም፡፡ በቅርቡ ግን ይህን አዝማሚያ የቀየረና ቁርጠኛነቱን አንድ እርከን ያሳደገ ክስተት ከጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ቢሮ ተሰምቷል፡፡ የአገሪቱን ቁልፍ ሥልጣን የጨበጡት አቶ ኃይለ ማርያም ቢሮ የተካሄደው ውይይት በከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናት ተሳትፎ የታጀበ ነበር፡፡ ከፍተኛ ባለሥልጣናቱን አሳልፎ ለሕዝባዊ ተጠያቂነት አይሰጥም ተብሎ የሚታማው ኢሕአዴግ፣ በግንቦቱ ጠቅላላ ምርጫ መቶ በመቶ ማሸነፉ ይህን ተጠያቂነትን የመሸሽ አዝማሚያ ያጠናክራል ተብሎ የተሠጋ ቢሆንም፣ ውይይቱ ኢሕአዴግ ይህን የመለወጥ ዕቅድ እንዳለው ፍንጭ የሰጠ ነበር፡፡ የመልካም አስተዳደር ዕጦትን ለመቅረፍ የተለያዩ መድረኮችን መፍጠር አዲስ ነገር ባይሆንም፣ ይኸኛው መድረክ በርዕሰ ጉዳዩ ላይ የፖሊሲ ጥናትና ምርምር ማዕከል ከፐብሊክ ሰርቪስና የሰው ኃይል ሚኒስቴር ጋር በመተባበር በተሠራው ጥናት መነሻነት መካሄዱ ለየት የደርገዋል፡፡ ጥናቱ የፖለቲካ አመራሩን ቁርጠኝነት፣ የአገልጋይነት መንፈስ፣ ተጠያቂነትና ብቃት፣ የመንግሥት ሠራተኛውን የአገልጋይነት መንፈስ፣ ቁርጠኝነት፣ ብቃትና የሚገጥሙት ማነቆዎች፣ የሕዝቡ ተሳትፎ ጉዳይ፣ ሕዝቡ ቅሬታ የሚያቀርብባቸው ምክንያቶች፣ ለውጥ የሚያመጣ ተፅዕኖ እንዳይፈጥር ሕዝቡን ምን እንደያዘውና በመሳሰሉት ጉዳዮች ላይ እንዳተኮረ፣ በፖሊሲ ጥናትና ምርምር ማዕከል ከፍተኛ ተመራማሪ አቶ ፍስሐ ሀፍተ ጽዮን ገልጸዋል፡፡ አቶ ፍስሐ እነዚህን ጉዳዮች ለመገምገም የጥናት ቡድኑ ቃለ መጠይቅ በማድረግ፣ የአትኩሮት የቡድን ውይይት በማድረግ፣ እንደ ግምገማ ሰነዶች፣ ቃለ ጉባዔዎች፣ ውሳኔዎችና የሕዝብ ቅሬታዎች ያሉ ሰነዶችን በመመርመርና መጠይቅ በመበተን፣ ለሦስት ወራት ያህል ሥራዎቹን እንዳከናወነ አመልክተዋል፡፡ በፐብሊክ ሰርቪስና የሰው ሀብት ልማት ሚኒስቴር የመልካም አስተዳደር ጉዳዮች ዳይሬክቶሬት ዳይሬክተር አቶ ተካ ገብረ ኢየሱስ የጥናቱን ውጤት አቅርበዋል፡፡ ጥናቱ ከተመለከታቸው ዘርፎች መካከል የመሬት ጉዳይ አሁንም ከፍተኛ የሆነ የመልካም አስተዳደር ዕጦት የሚስተዋልበት እንደሆነ ተገልጿል፡፡ ከኪራይ ሰብሳቢነት፣ ከቡድንተኝነት፣ ከውሳኔ ሰጪነት፣ ከተጠያቂነት፣ ከመረጃ አያያዝና ከአቅም ጋር የተገናኙ ችግሮች የዘርፉ መገለጫዎች መሆናቸውን ጥናቱ ጠቁሟል፡፡ ‹‹የሊዝ አዋጅ ቁጥር 721 ከወጣ በኋላ የመሬት ወረራና መሰል ችግሮችን የቀረፈ ቢሆንም፣ አዋጁን ተንተርሰው የወጡ ችግሮች መኖራቸው በሁሉም ክፍሎች በታዩ የመሬት ልማት ማኔጅመንት ዘርፍ ተስተውሏል፤›› ያሉት አቶ ተካ፣ በተለይ በጨረታ መሬት ማቅረብን በተመለከተ ያለው አሠራር ጥቂቶችን ተጠቃሚ የሚያደርግ እንደሆነ ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ ዘርፉ በሕገወጥ ደላሎች ተፅዕኖ ሥር ያለ እንደሆነም አመልክተዋል፡፡ ይባስ ብሎም በቡድንተኝነት መንፈስ የአንድ አካባቢ ሰዎችን ብቻ ተጠቃሚ የማድረግ አሠራር እንደሰፈነበት አስገንዝበዋል፡፡ ተጠያቂነትን ማስፈን አዳጋች እንደሆነ ሲያስረዱም፣ ያጠፉ ሰዎች እንደ ሹመት ከቦታ ቦታ መዘዋወራቸውም በተደጋጋሚ ማጋጠሙን ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ ከመሬት አስተዳደር ጋር የተገናኘ ኃላፊነት ባላቸው ተቋማት አመራር ብቃት ላይ ክፍተት እንዳለ ያመለከቱት አቶ ተካ፣ ‹‹በትምህርት ዝግጅትም፣ በዕውቀትም፣ በልምዳቸውም በጣም ዝቅ ያሉ ሰዎች አንዳንድ ተቋማትን ሲመሩም ታይተዋል፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ሌላው በጥናቱ የተዳሰሰው ዘርፍ ኢንቨስትመንት ሲሆን እንደ መሬት ሁሉ ተመሳሳይ ችግር እንደተስተዋለበት ጠቁመዋል፡፡ በተለይ መሠረተ ልማቶች ባልተሟሉበት ሁኔታ በሕጉ መሠረት በስድስት ወራት ውስጥ ግንባታ አልጀመራችሁም በማለት አመራሮች በገንዘብ እንደሚደራደሩ አመልክተዋል፡፡ የአሠራርና የሕግ ግንዛቤ ክፍተትም በዘርፉ እንደሚታይ ጠቁመዋል፡፡ የባለድርሻ አካላት ቅንጅትና የሕዝቡ ተሳትፎ ጉድለት የሚታይበት እንደሆነም ተጠቅሷል፡፡ ጥናቱ በንግድ፣ በፍትሕ ሥርዓት፣ በአዲስ አበባ ትራንስፖርት፣ በውኃና ፍሳሽና ኤሌክትሪክ አገልግሎት ላይም ተመሳሳይ ችግሮች መስተዋላቸውን ይዘረዝራል፡፡ ንግድን በተመለከተ ግልጽነት አለመኖርና የተጠያቂነት ችግር ቁልፍ እንደሆነ ተመልክቷል፡፡ በተለይ ደንቦችና መመርያዎች ሁሉም ላይ እኩል ተፈጻሚ እንደማይደረጉ ተወስቷል፡፡ አቶ ተካ ለእነዚህ ዘርፈ ብዙ ችግሮች ጥናቱ በመፍትሔነት ያስቀመጣቸውን ጉዳዮችም ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ የመጀመርያው የመፍትሔ ሐሳብ ለኪራይ ሰብሳቢነት ተጋላጭ የሆኑ ዘርፎችን መዋቅርና አመራር ሙሉ በሙሉ መፈተሽ ነው፡፡ ‹‹የማፅዳትና የማሸጋሸግ ሥራ መሠራት አለበት፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ሁለተኛው የመፍትሔ ሐሳብ ቅሬታ የፈጠረ አመራር ላይ ዕርምጃ ተወስዶ ግብረ መልስ ለሕዝቡ መስጠት አለበት የሚል ነው፡፡ ‹‹ኅብረተሰቡ ምን ዓይነት ዕርምጃ እንደተወሰደ ማወቅ አለበት፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ሦስተኛው የመፍትሔ ሐሳብ በየደረጃው ያሉ የሕዝብ አደረጃጀቶችና ሚዲያ በዚህ ሥራ ላይ ግልጽ ተልዕኮ ተሰጥቷቸው በተደራጀ አኳኋን እንዲንቀሳቀሱና ተፅዕኖ እንዲያሳድሩ ማድረግ አስፈላጊ ነው የሚል ነው፡፡ አራተኛው የመፍትሔ ሐሳብ የአመራር ብቃት የሚመዘንበት በቴክኖሎጂ የተደገፈ አሠራር መኖር አለበት የሚል ነው፡፡ አቶ ተካ ‹‹የስብሰባ ሥርዓት መመርያ ሊወጣለት ይገባል፡፡ የስብሰባ ብዛት ችግር እየፈጠረ እንደሆነ ብዙ ሕዝብ ቅሬታ እያቀረበ ነው፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ውይይቱ በኢትዮጵያ ብሮድካስቲንግ ኮርፖሬሽን አማካይነት ከተላለፈው ፕሮግራም ለመረዳት እንደሚቻለው ያልቀረቡት ያልተዳሰሱ ጉዳዮች አሉ፡፡ በማብራሪያውና በጥያቄዎቹ መካከል የታለፉ መኖራቸው ግልጽ ነው፡፡ ይሁንና በርካታ ሚኒስትሮች በታደሙት ውይይት ችግሩ በጥናቱ ከቀረበውም በላይ ጥልቅ እንደሆነ ስምምነት ላይ የደረሱ ይመስላል፡፡ እርግጥ እንደ የቤቶችና ከተማ ልማት ሚኒስትሩ አቶ መኩሪያ ኃይሌ ያሉ ባለሥልጣናት ሪፖርቱ ያላገናዘባቸውን ጉዳዮች በመዘርዘር በድጋሚ እንዲታይ የጠየቁም ነበሩ፡፡ የፍትሕ ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ጌታቸው አምባዬም በክልሎች የቀረበውን ችግር ተቀብለው የፌዴራል መንግሥቱ ላይ የቀረበው ዝርዝር የሚጎለው ነው ብለዋል፡፡ የገቢዎችና ጉምሩክ ባለሥልጣና ዋና ዳይሬክተር አቶ በከር ሻሌ ያቀረቡት አንድ ቅሬታ ግን ለየት ያለ ነበር፡፡ ጥናቱ በአንዳንድ መሥሪያ ቤቶች ሠራተኞች ቶሎ ቶሎ ይለቃሉ በሚል ለቀረበው ችግር፣ መሥሪያ ቤታቸው በአንድ ዓመት ብቻ ከ1,000 በላይ ሠራተኛ ማባረሩን ለአብነት ይጠቀሳል፡፡ የዚህ ችግር ምንጭም የባለሥልጣኑ የሚኒስትሮች ምክር ቤት የሠራተኞች አስተዳደር ደንብ ሲሆን፣ ይኼው ደንብ በአንቀጽ 37(2) ላይ ዋና ዳይሬክተሩ ሙስና ፈጽሟል ያሉትን ሠራተኛ በጥርጣሬ ብቻ ያለ ማስረጃ ማባረር እንዲችሉ ሥልጣን ይሰጣቸዋል፡፡ በተጨማሪም በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ ወደ ፍርድ ቤት ይግባኝ ማለት እንደማይቻል ይደነግጋል፡፡ ይህ አንቀጽ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተሰጡትን ይግባኝ የማለትና የመዳኘት ሥልጣን እንደሚጋፋ በብዙ ምሁራን ቅሬታ ይቀርባል፡፡ የባለሥልጣኑ ሠራተኛ የነበሩት በዚሁ ደንብ መሠረት የተባረሩት አቶ ኢብራሒም ሞሐመድ ጉዳዩ ሕገ መንግሥቱን ይጥሳል በማለት ለፌዴራል የሲቪል ሰርቪስ አስተዳደር ትራይቡናል አቅርበው፣ ትራይቡናሉም ጉዳዩን ወደ ሕገ መንግሥት አጣሪ ጉባዔ መርቶት ነበር፡፡ ጉባዔው በየካቲት ወር 2002 ዓ.ም. በሰጠው ውሳኔ ድንጋጌው ከሕገ መንግሥቱ ጋር አይጣረስም ማለቱም ይታወሳል፡፡ አቶ በከር ይህ ቅሬታ በተለያዩ አካላት መቅረቡን አስታውሰው በመንግሥት አካላት ጭምር በተከታታይ መቅረቡ ግን እንዳልተዋጠላቸው አመልክተዋል፡፡ ‹‹ይኼ አንቀጽ የተካተተው ተቋሙን ከአደጋ ይታደጋል በሚል ነው፡፡ አፈጻጸሙ ላይ ግን ችግር አለ፡፡ ሁሉም አካል ይኼን አሠራር ይኮንናል፡፡ በዚህ እንደ ተቋም በጣም ተቸግረናል፡፡ አሁን ጥያቄ እያነሱብን ያሉት የመንግሥት አካላት ናቸው፡፡ የምናስፈጽመው የመንግሥት ደንብ ነው፡፡ ከተስማማን ሊቀየር ይችላል፡፡ አደጋው ግን የከፋ ነው፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ የመንግሥት ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ጉዳዮች ጽሕፈት ቤት ኃላፊ አቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ የመልካም አስተዳደር ችግር ለመቅረፍ መተኮር ያለበት ለተፈጠሩት ችግሮች በር የሚከፍቱ የአሠራር ግድፈቶችን ለማስተካከል መንቀሳቀስ ላይ መሆን አለበት ብለዋል፡፡ ‹‹ከሰዶ ማሳደድ ይልቅ ሥርዓቱን አስተካክለን ብንሄድ ነው የሚሻለው፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ በተመሳሳይ የፖሊሲ ጥናትና ምርምር ማዕከል አስተባባሪ አቶ ዓባይ ፀሐዬ ችግሩ ሥር የሰደደ በመሆኑ በዘመቻ መፍታት ስለማይቻል ሥርዓት መዘርጋት በአስቸኳይ መፈጸም እንዳለበት አሳስበዋል፡፡ ‹‹እኛ በመተማመን ነው እየሠራን ያለነው፡፡ መሬት ላይ ያሉት ነገሮች እኛ እንደምናስባቸው አይደሉም፡፡ አመለካከት እስኪቀየር ሥርዓት ሳንዘረጋ የምንጠባበቅ ከሆነ እንበላለን፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ከአቶ ጌታቸውና ከአቶ ዓባይ በተለየ የፖሊሲ ጥናትና ምርምር ማዕከሉ ኃላፊ አቶ በረከት ስምኦን የግንዛቤ ማስጨበጥና የዘመቻ ሥራው ሥርዓት ከመገንባት ሥራው ጋር ጎን ለጎን መሄድ አለበት ብለዋል፡፡ አቶ መኩሪያ ባለሙያዎች ከሠለጠኑበት ዘርፍ ውጪ ተመድበው መሥራታቸው ትልቅ እንቅፋት መፍጠሩን ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ የትራንስፖርት ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ወርቅነህ ገበየሁ በአመራሩ አቅምና የፖለቲካ ቁርጠኝነት ላይ ማመዛዘን ተገቢ እንደሆነ ገልጸዋል፡፡ የኦሮሚያ ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግሥት ርዕሰ መስተዳድር አቶ ሙክታር ከድር ጥናቱ መልካም አስተዳደር ለማስፈን መንግሥት ያለውን ቁርጠኝነት የሚያጠናክር አቅጣጫ ያስቀመጠ ነው ብለዋል፡፡ የንግድ ሚኒስትሩ አቶ ያዕቆብ ያላ የመንግሥት አካላት የቅንጅት ጉድለት እርስ በርስ ከመካሰስ ያለፈ ተፅዕኖ እየፈጠረ እንደመጣ አመልክተዋል፡፡ አቶ በረከት ጥናቱ በናሙና የተሠራ ቢሆንም፣ በመላው አገሪቱ በችግሩ ላይ ያለው ልዩነት ምን ያህል እንደሆነ የጠቆመ እንደሆነም ገልጸዋል፡፡ በፖሊሲ ጥናትና ምርምር ማዕከል የኮሙዩኒክሽንና መረጃ አስተዳደር ዳይሬክተር አቶ ሴኮቱሬ ጌታቸው፣ ‹‹ጥናቱ የችግሩን ጥልቀት መቶ በመቶ ይገልጻል የሚል እምነት የለኝም፡፡ በመሬት ላይ ያለው ችግር የከፋ ነው፡፡ ሕዝቡ የሚሰማው አካል እንደሌለ ነው የሚገልጸው፡፡ ሰብስበው ቢያናግሩንም መፍትሔ የለም ነው የሚለው፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ የፖሊሲ ጥናትና ምርምር ማዕከል ምክትል ኃላፊ አቶ አለበል ደሴ የባለሥልጣናት ጣልቃ ገብነት የወንጀል ምርመራ ሥራን ሁሉ እያቋረጠ እንደሚገኝ ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ መሬት ላይ ያለውና የተጠቀሰው ችግር ስፋት አሳሳቢ ቢሆንም፣ ከገዢው ፓርቲና ከመንግሥት አቅም በላይ የሆነ ችግር እንዳልሆነ የገለጹት የፐብሊክ ሰርቪስና የሰው ሀብት ልማት ሚኒስትሯ ወይዘሮ አስቴር ማሞ ናቸው፡፡ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ወሳኝነት የታየበት መድረክ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ ወደ ሥልጣን ከመጡ ጀምሮ አገሪቱ ይኼ ነው በሚባል ሁኔታ ወደኋላ ከመቅረት ይልቅ ለውጥ መምጣቷ ቢቀጥልም፣ ውሳኔ ሰጪነቱን የሚቀናቀኗቸው ቡድኖችና ግለሰቦች እንዳሉ ግን ሲነገር ነው የቆየው፡፡ በዚህ መድረክ በዚህኛው አምስት ዓመት ዋናው ወሳኝ አካል ‹‹እኔ ነኝ!›› ያሉበት ነበር፡፡ አቶ በከር ሻሌ በጥናቱ ላይ አመራሩ የሚሠራውን ሥራ አያውቅም የሚለው ጅምላ ፍረጃ አግባብ እንዳልሆነ ተናግረው ነበር፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ለዚህ ቅሬታ ሲመልሱ፣ ‹‹አስተያየቱን ተገቢ ነው ብለን ብንወስድ ያስተምረናል የሚል እምነት አለኝ፡፡ መሥሪያ ቤታችንን ከደላላ መንጋጋ ማላቀቅ ካልቻልን፣ በጥቅም ከተሳሰረ አሠራር ማላቀቅ ካልቻልን፣ መሥሪያ ቤታችንን እናውቃለን ብሎ ደፍሮ መናገር የሚቻል አይደለም፡፡ ለችግሩ የፖለቲካ መፍትሔ መስጠት እንችላለን፡፡ ባለሙያዎቹ የመሰላቸውን የመፍትሔ ሐሳብ ሰጥተዋል፡፡ የተነሱት ነገሮች እውነት ናቸው ወይ የሚለው ነው ዋናው ነገር፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ከወራት በፊት ከሪፖርተር ጋር ባደረጉት ቃለ መጠይቅ አቶ ዳዊት ገብረ እግዚአብሔር በአድዋ ለመገንባት ላሰቡት ፕሮጀክት ከክልሉ ትብብር እንዳላገኙ ቅሬታ ማቅረባቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ በውይይቱ ወቅት አቶ ሴኮቱሬ ይህን ጉዳይ አንስተው ጉዳዩ ለአራት ዓመት ተኩል በእንጥልጥል መቅረቱ የመልካም አስተዳደር እጥረቱ ማሳያ እንደሆነ ተናግረዋል፡፡ በዚህ ጊዜ የሕወሓት ምክትል ሊቀ መንበርና የመገናኛና ኢንፎርሜሽን ቴክኖሎጂ ሚኒስትሩ ዶ/ር ደብረ ጽዮን ገብረ ሚካኤል፣ ‹‹የአድዋ ባለሀብት የተባለውን ጉዳይ እኔም አውቀዋለሁ፡፡ ሕገወጥ ሥራ ሲሠራ ማስቆም አለብን፡፡ ዕርምጃ ተወስዷል፡፡ አይገባህም ከተባለ አይገባህም ነው፤›› በማለት ምላሽ ሰጥተዋል፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩም፣ ‹‹ሴኮን እንደተረዳሁት ባለሀብቱ ትክክለኛ ነው አላለም፡፡ ምላሽ ስለመስጠት ነው ያነሳው፤›› በማለት አርመዋቸዋል፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም የመልካም አስተዳደር ችግርን ለመቅረፍ በሥርዓት ግንባታ ላይ ያነጣጠሩ ባለሥልጣናትንም አርመዋል፡፡ ‹‹እንደ አዲስ የምንፈጥረው ነገር የለም፡፡ ምርጥ የመሬት ሪፎርም አዘጋጅተን በኢንፎርሜሽን ቴክኖሎጂ የተደገፈ ሥርዓት ገንብተናል፡፡ የሪፎርም ፕሮግራሞቻችን እኮ ዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃቸውን የጠበቁ ናቸው፡፡ የያዝነውን ፕሮግራም ተግባራዊ ሳያደርግ ነው እንዴ ወደ ሌላ ሥርዓት የምንሸጋገረው?›› ብለዋል፡፡ በመልካም አስተዳደር ዕጦትና በመፍትሔዎቹ ላይ ከዚህ ቀደም በርካታ ውይይቶች መደረጋቸውን ያስተወሱት ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ፣ አዲሱ ጥናት ከመፈክር የዘለለ መፍትሔ የሰጠ፣ የችግሩን ጥልቀት አመራሩ በአግባቡ እንዲያየው ያደረገና በውስጡ ድንጋጤ የፈጠረ እንደሆነ ገልጸዋል፡፡ ይሁንና ሁሉም የጥናቱን ውጤት ከልቡ ይቀበለዋል ማለት እንዳልሆነም አመልክተዋል፡፡ ‹‹በሽርደዳ ከሆነ የምንቀበለው ጥረታችን መውደቁ አይቀርም፡፡ ይኼ ከባድ አደጋ አለው፡፡ ጥናቱ ያመጣቸውን እውነቶች ጠራርገን መፍታት አለብን፡፡ ኅብረተሰቡ ውስጥ እውነት የሆኑና በአመለካከት ደረጃ ያሉ የመልካም አስተዳደር ችግሮችን ካላቃለልን ለኅብረተሰቡ እስከ መቼ ነው ይፈታሉ እያልን የምንቀጥለው?›› ብለዋል፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ በመጨረሻም የቡድንተኝነት ስሜት በፓርቲያቸው እንደሚንፀባረቅ ይፋ አድርገዋል፡፡ ‹‹እዚህ አገር ያለ ከባድ ፈተና እዚህ እናወራለን እንጂ፣ ከወጣን በኋላ የተለያየ የራሳችን መረብ እንዳይነካብን እንከላከላለን፡፡ ይኼ አንዱ ትልቁ በሽታ ነው፡፡ ብቻችንን ቆመን አቋም የምንወስድበት ሁኔታ መኖር አለበት፡፡ የእኛ ነው የምንለውን ሰው ለመደበቅና ለመሸፈን ብቻ የምንሄድ ከሆነ ለውጡ አይሠራም፡፡ በብሔር፣ በአብሮ አደግነት፣ በተለያየ ጥቅም ትስስር የምንሠራና የምንከላከል ከሆነ አይሠራም፡፡ መፍትሔው የሚመሠረተው በከፍተኛ አመራሩ ቁመና ነው፡፡ ይህን ለመለወጥ ትክክለኛ የሕዝብ ተሳትፎ ላይ ሊሠራ ይገባል፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ ከዚህ በፊት የነበረውን አሰልቺ አካሄድ መከተል በሕዝብ ዘንድ ሊኖር የሚችለውን አመኔታ ያሳጣል፣ የሕዝቡንም ሞራል ይሰብራል በማለት የሕዝብ ተሳትፎ ጉዳይን መመርመር እንደሚያስፈልግ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ በሥርዓቱ ውስጥ የነገሠውን የደላላ ተፅዕኖ በቁርጠኝነት መታገል ያስፈልጋል ብለዋል :: Source ( Reporter )

Sunday, November 1, 2015

የኦነግ ህዋስ ኣምቦ ውስጥ በቁጥጥር ስር ዋለ::

ህዋሱ “ኦጋፋ ኢጌ ጉማ ኦሮሞ” በሚል የኮድ ስም ከ 2006 ጀምሮ ይንቀሳቀስ ነበር:: ተከሳሾቹ የኦነግን የፖለቲካ ዓላማን ለማራመድ በመስማማት በተቀበሉት ትዕዛዝ መሠረት፣ በአምቦ ከተማ በቀበሌ 03 ነዋሪና የቀበሌው ምክትል ሊቀመንበርን በአራት ጥይት መትተው ማቁሰላቸውንና አንድ ዓይናቸውን ማጥፋታቸውን፣ በምዕራብ ሸዋ ፖሊስ መምርያ ግቢ ውስጥ ቦምብ በመወርወር በጽሕፈት ቤቱ ላይ ጉዳት ማድረሳቸውን፣ የሆሚች አሙኒሽን ኢንጂነሪንግ ኢንዱስትሪ ንብረት በሆነው ቢሾፍቱ የሠራተኞች ሰርቪስ ላይ ቦምብ በመወርወር 213,000 ብር በሚገመት ንብረት ላይ ጉዳት ማድረሳቸውን፣ በአምቦ ቴክኒክና ሙያ ኮሌጅ ይማር የነበረውን የመከላከያ ሠራዊት አባል የነበረው ዳርጌ ኡርጌሳን መግደላቸውንና ሌሎች የወንጀል ተግባራትን መፈጸማቸውን ዓቃቤ ሕግ በክሱ ዘርዝሮ አቅርቧል፡: ተጠርጣሪዎቹ የኦሮሞ ነፃነት ግንባር (ኦነግ) አባል በመሆንና ተልዕኮውን በመቀበል፣ በአገር ውስጥና በውጭ አገሮች ከሚገኙ አባላቱ ጋር በስልክ በመገናኘት፣ በከተማው ሰላማዊ ነዋሪዎችና በመንግሥት ተቋማት ላይ ጉዳት ለማድረስ በመንቀሳቀስ፣ አንድ የመከላከያ ሠራዊት አባል በመግደልና በሌሎች የመንግሥት አመራሮችና ነዋሪዎች ላይ ከባድ የአካል ጉዳት በማድረስ በማለት፣ የፌዴራል ዓቃቤ ሕግ ለፌዴራል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት 19ኛ ወንጀል ችሎት ያቀረበው ክስ ያስረዳል፡፡ ተከሳሾቹ ቀጄላ ገላና ቅጽል ስሙ ሙረታ ሰባ፣ አብደታ ዶላንሳ ቅጽል ስሙ ዴኔዲዳ፣ ሰብኬር በቀለ ቅጽል ስሙ ከዩ ድጋና ኡርጌሶ ደመና ቅጽል ስሙ አብደታ ደመና የሚባሉ ናቸው፡፡ ከ2006 ዓ.ም. ጀምሮ ካልተያዙ ግብረ አበሮቻቸው ጋር በመሆን በህቡዕ ስብሰባ በማድረግ፣ በሚያዝያ ወር 2007 ዓ.ም. ‹‹ኦጋፋ ኢጌ ጉማ ኦሮሞ›› የሚባል የህዋስ ቡድን ስያሜ ማውጣታቸውን ዓቃቤ ሕግ በክሱ ጠቅሷል፡፡ ኡርጌሳ ደመና የተባለው ተከሳሽ የኦነግ አባል ሆኖ ሲንቀሳቀስ ከየካቲት ወር 2006 ዓ.ም. ጀምሮ ሞቲ ሞቱማ በተባለ ግለሰብ አማካይነት፣ በውጭ ለሚገኙ የኦነግ መገናኛ ብዙኃን መረጃ ለማቀበል ተስማምቶ በተለያዩ የሚስጥር ስሞችና በተለያዩ ስልኮች በመጠቀም፣ አምቦ ከተማ ውስጥ ስለሚገኙ የኦነግ አባላት ህዋስ አደረጃጀትና ምልመላ መረጃ ሲያስተላልፍ እንደነበር ክሱ ያስረዳል፡፡ ተከሳሾቹ የኦነግን ተልዕኮ ተቀብለው በህቡዕ በህዋስ ተደራጅተው በአምቦ ከተማ ሰላማዊ ነዋሪዎችና በመንግሥት ተቋማት ላይ ጥቃት በመፈጸማቸው፣ የመከላከያ ሠራዊት አባልን በመግደላቸው፣ ከባድ የአካል ጉዳት በማድረሳቸውና ሌሎች ወንጀሎችን ለመፈጸም ሲንቀሳቀሱ በመያዛቸው፣ በፀረ ሽብርተኝነት አዋጅ ቁጥር 652/2001 አንቀጽ 3(1እና4) ላይ የተደነገገውን ተላልፈዋል በማለት ዓቃቤ ሕግ በዋና ወንጀል ተካፋይ መሆናቸውን በክሱ አስረድቷል፡፡ የሽብርተኝነት ድርጊት በመፈጸም ወንጀልም ክስ መሥርቶባቸዋል፡፡ ፍርድ ቤቱ መቃወሚያ ካለ ለመቀበል ለጥቅምት 23 ቀን 2008 ዓ.ም. ቀጠሮ ሰጥቷል፡፡ Source (Reporter)

Al-Shabab assault targets senior Somali officials

At least 15 killed and dozens including Somali’s amabssder to Ethiopia wounded in attack claimed by al-Shabab on hotel in central Mogadishu, authorities say. At least 15 people have been killed and dozens more wounded in an attack on a hotel in the centre of Somalia's capital Mogadishu, witnesses tell Al Jazeera. A car bomb exploded at the main gate of the Sahafi Hotel early on Sunday morning, with attackers then storming the hotel as they exchanged gunfire with security guards. A suicide bomber detonated a second set of explosives inside the hotel. Somali troops and African Union forces were deployed to the scene and took control of the situation,. Lieutenant Colonel Paul Njuguna, the spokesperson for the AU Mission in Somalia, told Al Jazeera. The al-Shabab armed group immediately claimed responsibility for the attack. Those killed in the attack included parliamentarian Mohamed Abdi Abtidoon and a freelance photographer, Mustaf Abdi, who on several occasions contributed to Al Jazeera reports. Several prominent people were among the injured ,including a journalist and a local businessman. Medical sources confirmed that a top Somali military commander, General Gacma Duule, and Somalia's ambassador to Ethiopia, Abdisalam Haji Adam, were also injured. The hotel is often frequented by Somali government officials and business executives and it has been targeted before. Two French security advisers were abducted from the hotel in 2009. Source ( Aljazeera)

Friday, October 30, 2015

Standard Bank moves into Ethiopia

ግዙፉ  የደቡብ ኣፍሪካ ባንክ ስታንዳርድ ባንክ  ቢሮውን ኢትዮጵያ ከፈተ::  ስታንዳርድ ባንክ የሚያንቀሳቀሰው ኣሴት ባጠቃላይ 184, 518  ቢሊዮን ዶላር ሲሆን  በ32 ኣገሮች  ቋሚ ቢሮዎች  ኣሉት  2015   ስታቲክስ አንደሚያስረዳው  ባንኩ 69000 ተቀጣሪዎች  ያሉት  ሲሆን   የባንኩ  ዋና ስራ  ኣስኪያጅ  ቤን ክሩገር  እንዳሉት በምስራቅ   ኣፍሪካ እየታየ ያለው  እድገት ኢንቨስትመንትን በከፍተኛ ደረጃ  እየሳበ መመጣቱን ባንኩ ተገንዝቧል  እኛም  በፓርተርነት የኣካካቢውን ገበያ  ለማገናኘት ኔት ዎርክ ወይም መረብ በመፍጠር  እንሰራለን ብለዋል::

Standard Bank Group has expanded its East African footprint with the official opening of a representative office in Ethiopia.
The bank's chief executive, Ben Kruger, who opened the representative office in Addis Ababa, said on Friday the growth potential for the East African region continued to attract significant investment.
“We are able to leverage our strong position on the continent, our strategic partnership with the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), and our sector expertise in natural resources to facilitate capital investment in support of growth, and to connect African markets to each other,” Kruger said.
The office in Ethiopia - which has the second largest population on the continent, behind Nigeria - adds to the bank's established presence across four of the key markets in the region: Kenya, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.
Taitu Wondwosen, Standard Bank's head of coverage in Ethiopia, said the bank was uniquely positioned to support the government's plans to attract more investment into the country through their client base on the continent.
Strong economic growth in Ethiopia has been underpinned by high public investment and a growing consumer base.
Heavy public investment in agriculture, energy and transport is expected to continue, and the energy sector is set to boom with power projects at various stages of development. Source ( Business Report)